How to properly brush your teeth?
Regular and proper teeth brushing is the basic measure of oral hygiene and is a necessary condition for maintaining health and preventing the onset of both cavities and gum diseases. Despite this, only a small number of adults are familiar with the proper tooth brushing technique. Tooth brushing requires a minimum of 3-5 minutes during which food, plaque, and bacteria are removed from the surface of teeth and the tongue with proper brush movements.
Brushing should start from the back teeth. The brush is positioned on the outer side of the teeth horizontally, so that the bristles of the brush form an angle of 45° to the surface of the teeth, touching the border between the gums and the teeth. With a gentle motion and slight pressure, the brush is turned downwards. One motion should cover 2-3 teeth, and the motion should be repeated at least 8 times. After that, move on to the adjacent teeth towards the center of the jaw (pictures 1, 2, 3).
The same technique is applied for the lower jaw, with the movements in that case being upward. It should be noted that during brushing, strong pressure on the tooth surface is not applied, nor are left-right movements used; only downward movements in the upper jaw and upward movements in the lower jaw. Left-right movements can lead to damage to the tooth surface in the form of indentations in the neck area of the tooth.
After cleaning the external surfaces, move on to the internal surfaces of the teeth. The same technique applies to the internal surfaces of the lateral teeth as to the external surfaces. So, the brush is horizontally positioned (in this case, from the palate side), and the bristles at an angle of 45° touch the border between the teeth and gums. With gentle downward movements (in the upper jaw) or upward movements (in the lower jaw), clean the internal surfaces.
As for the internal surfaces of the front teeth, they are cleaned by placing the brush vertically in relation to the axis of the tooth and making downward or upward movements (pictures 4, 5).
Finally, we proceed to cleaning the occlusal surfaces of the teeth, which is achieved with back-and-forth movements over the occlusal surfaces (picture 6).